Lal Bahadur Shastri was a freedom Fighter and Politician, he was second Prime Minister of the India and a leader of the 'Indian National Congress party'. He was born on October 2, 1904 at Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh, India. His parents are 'Sharada Prasad Shrivastava' and 'Ramdulari Devi'. Lal Bahadur Shastri married 'Lalita Devi' on 16 May 1928, this pair having six children.
Lal Bahadur Shastri completed inter educated at East Central Railway college in Mughalsarai and Varanasi. He is graduated from the Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926 with first class. His father died when he was only a year old, then his mother took him and his two sisters to her father's house and settled there.
As A Freedom Fighter
In the year 1921 Shastri was joined in 'Indian independence movement'. He was participated in ' non-cooperation movement' and ' Salt Satyagraha' in 1930. In the yeas 1940 he was sent to prison for one year, for supporting of Satyagraha to the freedom movement. He spent almost nine years in jail. During his stays in prison, he spent time reading books and became familiar with the works of western philosophers, revolutionaries and social reformers.
As A Politician
After independence Shastri was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in his home state, Uttar Pradesh in 1947. He was made the "General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee" with Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister. In 1952 He was elected for 'Rajya Sabha'. He worked as a 'Minister of Railways and Transport' in the Central Cabinet from 13 May 1952 to 7 December 1956. In 1961, Shastri became Home Minister.
As A Prime minister
After death of 'Jawaharlal Nehru', the party President 'K. Kamaraj' take s decision as, making Shastri Prime Minister on 9 June 1964. He appointed 'Swaran Singh' to succeed him as External Affairs Minister and also appointed 'Indira Gandhi', daughter of 'Jawaharlal Nehru', as the Minister of Information and Broadcasting. At the time of war with Pakistan in 1965, Shastri created the slogan of "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan", underlining the need to boost India's food production.
He was died on January 11, 1966 at Tashkent, Soviet Union, the day after signing the Tashkent Declaration, reportedly due to a heart attack. The joint declaration was signed on January 10, 1966 and Lal Bahadur Shastri died of heart attack on the same night.