N G Ranga was an Indian freedom fighter, parliamentarian, and farmer leader. He was born on November 7, 1900 at Nidubrolu, Guntur Dist, Andhra Pradesh, India. He completed his schooling in his native village, and graduated from the Andhra Christian College, Guntur. He received a B.Litt. in Economics from the University of Oxford in 1926. On his return to India, he worked as a Professor of Economics at Pachaiyappa's College, Madras.
Agricultural University of Andhra Pradesh is named in his honour and memory as Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University
His name found a place in the Guinness Book of World Records as a Parliamentarian with fifty years of service
The N.G. Ranga Farmer Award for Diversified Agriculture was instituted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research in 2001
A commemorative postage stamp was released by Government of India in 2001
He was awarded Padma Vibhushan by the President of India in 1991
In 1930 Ranga joined the freedom movement inspired by Gandhi. He led the ryot agitation in 1933. After he launched the Kisan Congress party. He held historic discussions with Gandhiji on the demand for a "rythu-coolie state". Ranga wrote a book, "Bapu Blesses" regarding his discussions with Gandhi. In 1946 he is the one of the founders of the International Federation of Agricultural Producers.
Ranga became the founder-president of the 'Swatantra Party' and held that post for a decade. In the general elections held in 1962, the party won 25 seats and emerged as a strong Opposition. In 1972 he rejoined the Congress.
Political Life & Death
N G Ranga served the Indian Parliament for six decades from 1930 to 1991. He passed away on 8th June 1995 4.30 pm in his native place Ponnur in Guntur district Prime Minister P V Narasimha Rao condoned the death of Prof. Ranga, the Prime Minister said that in the passing away of Prof Ranga, the country has lost an outstanding Parliamentarian and a champion of public causes and rural peasantry. Prof. Ranga served as a Member of Parliament foe a record number of 60 years and found a place in the Guinness book of world records. The Andhra Pradesh government declared a 3 day state mourning.