Chandra Shekhar Azad Biodata

Chandra Shekhar Azad

Birth Name : Chandra Shekhar Tiwari

Date of birth : 23/07/1906

Place of birth : Bhavra, Alirajpur, Central India Agency

Category : Freedom Fighters

Chandra Shekhar Azad's actual name is 'Chandra Shekhar Tiwari' Born on July 23, 1906 at Bhavra, Alirajpur, Central India Agency. He is popularly known as 'Azad'. He was an Indian revolutionary and reorganised the 'Hindustan Republican Association' under the new name of 'Hindustan Socialist Republican Association' (HSRA) after the death of its founder, 'Ram Prasad Bismil', and three other prominent party leaders, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan. He is considered to be the mentor of Bhagat Singh and chief strategist of the HSRA. His parents are 'Sitaram' and 'Jagrani Devi'. Chandra Shekhar spent his childhood in Bhawra, and learned archery from the tribal Bhils of the erstwhile Jhabua district, which helped him later on during the armed struggle against the British.

Early Career

Azad's mother wanted her son to be a great Sanskrit scholar and persuaded his father to send him to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras to study. In December 1921, when Mohandas K. Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement, Chandra Shekhar, then a 15 year old student, joined As a result, he was arrested and sentenced to fifteen days imprisonment with hard punishments. From that day onward, having announced his name to be Azad in court, Chandra Shekhar Tiwari assumed the name of Azad.


In 1922 Azad became more aggressive. He committed himself to achieve complete independence by any means. Azad also believed that India's future lay in socialism. He met a young revolutionary 'Pranvesh Chatterji' who introduced him to 'Ram Prasad Bismil' who had formed the 'Hindustan Republican Association', a revolutionary organisation. Azad was impressed with the aim of HRA, That is an independent India with equal rights and opportunity to everyone without discrimination of caste, creed, religion or social status. On introduction, Bismil was impressed by Azad, when Azad reportedly put his hand over a lamp and did not remove it till his skin burnt. He then became an active member of the HRA and started to collect funds for HRA. Most of the fund collection was through robberies of government property. He also wanted to build a new India based on socialist principles. Azad and his compatriots also planned and executed several acts of violence against the British. Most of his revolutionary activities were planned and executed from Shahjahanpur which was also the hometown of 'Ram Prasad'.


Along with 'Bhagat Singh' and other compatriots like 'Sukhdev' and 'Rajguru', 'Chandrashekhar Azad' formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HRSA). HRSA was committed to complete Indian independence and socialist principles for India's future progress. Chandrashekhar Azad was a terror for British police. He was on their hit list and the British police badly wanted to capture him dead or alive.

On February 27, 1931 Chandrashekhar Azad met two of his comrades at the Alfred Park Allah bad. He was betrayed by an informer who had informed the British police. The police surrounded the park and ordered Chandrashekhar Azad to surrender. Chandrashekhar Azad fought alone valiantly and killed three policemen. But finding himself surrounded and seeing no route for escape, Chandrashekhar Azad shot himself. Thus he kept his pledge of not being caught alive.

Last Days

In the last week of February 1931, Azad went to Allahabad where on 27 February 1931 he went to the Chandrashekhar Azad and met with a revolutionary colleague 'Sukhdev Raj'. The police were notified of his location by an informer. Faced with armed police, Azad fired upon them. He was wounded in the process of killing three policemen and wounding some others. His actions made it possible for Sukhdev Raj to escape. After a long shootout, holding true to his pledge to never be captured alive, he shot himself dead with his last bullet.

The file related to Azad is preserved in C.I.D. Headquarters, 1, Gokhale Marg, Lucknow. The Colt pistol of Chandra Shekhar Azad is displayed at the Allahabad Museum within the Chandrashekhar Azad. The body was sent to Rasulabad Ghat for cremation without informing general public. As it came to light, people surrounded the park where the incident had taken place. They made slogans against the British rule and praised Azad.

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